Layperson's Guide Site Index
Ménière Disease - Self-Care
Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It can cause severe dizziness, a roaring sound in your ears called tinnitus, hearing loss that comes and goes and the feeling of ear pressure or pain. It usually affects just one ear. It is a common cause of hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link: Meniere's Disease - Self-Care
Cholesteatoma: Causes, Symptoms, And Diagnosis
A cholesteatoma is an abnormal, noncancerous skin growth that can develop in the middle section of your ear, behind the eardrum. It may be a birth defect, but it’s most commonly caused by repeated middle ear infections. Please CLICK on the following link: Cholesteatoma
Hearing Loss, Loneliness and Depression
Susan Sealy Arquette, 64, a psychologist and clinic owner in Minneapolis, noticed the first signs of hearing loss in her mid-20s when she couldn’t hear a phone ringing. At the time, Sealy Arquette was told the loss was only for high-frequency sounds and that it wouldn’t cause her problems. A few years later, however, she found it was indeed creating many issues. Please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Loss, Loneliness and Depression
Coronavirus Got You Stuck at Home? It's a Good Time to Improve Your Hearing
Social Isolation can get awfully boring. Many of us find ourselves with not much to do except anxiously watch TV. Here's a suggestion: make the most of house arrest by tackling one of the online auditory rehabilitation programs. Please CLICK on the following link: Online Auditory Rehabilitation
Does Hearing Loss Cause Us to Misread Emotions?
“Are you actually angry or are you kidding?” I asked my husband recently. His posture and facial expression read angry, but it was not the type of situation that called for this emotion. I was confused. It turned out he was joking, but I was missing the subtle cues in his voice. This has been known to happen with my children as well, and close friends, and when I thought about it, probably with other people too — maybe even perfect strangers. Was this somehow related to my hearing loss? Please CLICK on the following link: Does Hearing Loss Cause Us To Misread Emotions?
Workplace Communication Tips For People With Hearing Loss
Workplace communication can be challenging for people with hearing loss, but there are steps we can take to increase our chances for success. While many communication best practices rely on communication partners to make accommodations, there are also things that the person with hearing loss can and should do. Please CLICK on the following link: Workplace Communication Tips
Why Audiologists Should Recommend Peer Support
Noise Is A Public Health Issue
Noise is bad for your hearing. This will not be a surprise to anyone. But recently the American Public Health Association made it official. Please CLICK on the following link: Noise Is A Public Health Issue
How To Handle Hearing Loss In The Workplace
"I hadn’t yet begun to disclose my hearing loss to people, preferring to fake it when I couldn’t hear, rather than reveal what I still considered my shameful secret. How was I going to handle this critical meeting?" Please CLICK on the following link: How To Handle Hearing Loss In The Workplace
Do You Have A Need To Learn American Sign Language (ASL)? Try This Fun And Free Resource
Please CLICK on the following link: Learn ASL
Purchasing A Hearing Aid - A Consumer Checklist
When we purchase a hearing aid, having a checklist of questions is very helpful. Please CLICK on the following link: Checklist
Ototoxicty: The Hidden Menace
Although most of us know the common drugs that can cause otological side effects, there are many others that we may not be aware of. Here we have tried to consolidate a list of some commonly used drugs having otological side effects. Please CLICK on the following link: Ototoxicty Drug List
Once again, we are going to refer you to our “Swiss army knife” assistive listening device, our cell phones. There are apps that can assist us in communicating. Basically, they provide captions. One can even use the phone’s microphone and a headset/streamer/earbud/etc. as a personal communicator—but that’s another story.
This article will focus on a couple of captioning apps that may be helpful. Please CLICK on the following link: Communication Aids
What Is Vestibular Schwannoma (Acoustic Neuroma) and Neurofibromatosis?
A vestibular schwannoma (also known as acoustic neuroma, acoustic neurinoma, or acoustic neurilemoma) is a benign, usually slow-growing tumor that develops from the balance and hearing nerves supplying the inner ear. Please CLICK on the following link: Acoustic Neuroma and Neurofibromatosis
The Journey Of Sound To The Brain (Video)
Learn how sounds make their way from the source to your brain. Please CLICK on the following link: Video
A Guide To How To Make A Home More User-Friendly For Deaf Or Hard Of hearing People
The layout and structure of a home can affect accessibility for deaf individuals. Every home improvement for this purpose should first consider the deaf resident’s needs and preferences. This guide is designed to assist deaf people looking to make their own home upgrades, parents of deaf children, adults with deaf or hard of hearing spouses or parents, veterans, and new home buyers. Please CLICK on the following link: Guide
How To Better Hear Your TV!
Considering nearly 50 million Americans now live with hearing loss, you bet a large number struggle to hear their TV clearly. And whether you’re the person with hearing loss, or the person sitting next to him on the couch, you know that turning up the volume on the TV isn’t always the best solution. Doing so not only can disturb others, it can actually make the TV audio sound even more garbled, especially if the sound is not well mixed between dialog, music and sound effects. Please CLICK on the following link: How To Better Hear Your TV!
Which Online Hearing Aid Companies Can You Trust? 5 Key Considerations
Dr. Cliff Olson, Audiologist and founder of Applied Hearing Solutions in Anthem Arizona, discusses 5 things you must consider when trying to figure out which online hearing aid companies you can trust. Please CLICK on the following link: 5 Key Considerations
Is it OK if I Leave Now?
Whether or not you are open about your hearing loss, there often comes a point at which you just can’t try to listen anymore. Please CLICK on the following link: Is It OK If I Leave Now?
Cochlear Implants - Bringing Back The Joy Of Sound (Video)
Please CLICK on the following link: Cochlear Implants
How to select the best hearing aid—Six Considerations (Video)
Dr. Cliff Olson Au.D. lists six things you need to know before selecting a hearing aid. Please CLICK on the following link: How To Select The Best Hearing Aid
Best Hearing Aid Brands in 2019
The world of hearing healthcare can be overwhelming. There are so many different brands, and so many different retail outlets to choose from. What do I choose? What are the best? Understand, there is no single best aid. Rather it is what is best for you. Please CLICK on the following link: Best Hearing Aid Brands In 2019
Communicating with People with Hearing Loss
Successful communication requires the efforts of all people involved in a conversation. Even when the person with hearing loss utilizes hearing aids and active listening strategies, it is crucial that others involved in the communication process consistently use good communication strategies. Please CLICK on the following link: Communicating With people With Hearing loss
Can PSAPs Help Your Hearing?
Consumer Reports tested a handful of inexpensive, over-the-counter personal sound amplification products (PSAPs) to see how well they work. Personal sound amplification products, which are available over the counter, cost a fraction of the price of the average hearing aid. The more expensive ones are about $500 each. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Can PSAPs Help Your Hearing?
Over the Counter Hearing Devices
Since the passage of the Over-the-Counter Hearing Aid Act of 2017 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been working to create regulations regarding this new category of hearing device. OTC devices specifically for people with hearing loss are not yet on the market. If you are considering purchasing a device that claims to be in this new category, buyer beware. The next step will be a Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM) issued by the FDA, followed by an open comment period and then the final rules. After the final rules are in place, you still need to be an educated consumer: learn all you can about the device before you make that purchase. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Over The Counter Hearing Devices
Bluetooth Hearing Aids And Implants
This is a spreadsheet by brand/model of hearing aids that have Bluetooth capability. Please CLICK on the following link: Spreadsheet
A Person's Account of Traveling to Florence, Italy With Hearing Loss
Pat Dobbs discusses her international travel experience utilizing her cochlear implants (CIs) with other assistive listening devices (ALDs). Please CLICK on the following link to read her story: Travel Experience With CIs
Does Hearing Loss Affect Balance?
Hearing loss by itself does not cause balance disorders but problems with the inner ear responsible for the hearing and vestibular system may. This means that hearing loss can occur together with balance impairment symptoms and indicate an underlying condition. Common such symptoms, besides vertigo and dizziness, are nausea, diarrhea, fluctuating heart rate and blood pressure, depression or anxiety. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Does Hearing Loss Affect Balance?
Deaf and Hard of Hearing Organizations
Many organizations serve the needs of deaf and hard of hearing people, families with deaf and hard of hearing members, and hearing people working in deaf-related fields. New organizations are also forming all the time. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Organizations
Second Equipment Compliance Deadline for Movie Captioning and Audio Description Rule has Arrived!
June 2 marked the arrival of the second of four deadlines under the ADA Title III Movie Captioning and Audio Description Rule, which went into effect on January 17, 2017—45 days after its publication in the Federal Register. The time for compliance with the Rule’s provisions varies depending on the specific requirement or event that triggers compliance. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Second Equipment Compliance Deadline
70+ Best Hearing Loss and Tinnitus Apps For Your Ears
We have broken down some of the top apps for the ears, including anything from a hearing loss simulator app, to an app that can protect your ears by ensuring that you’re not listening to your music too loud. Please CLICK on the following link for details: 70+ Best Hearing Loss And Tinnitus Apps
T-Coils: Getting The Most Out Of Your Hearing Aid
Hearing aid microphones can cause difficulties while listening on the telephone. Feedback - the annoying whistling sound that hearing aids emit when a phone is located too close to the hearing aid - often occurs when people try to use the telephone while wearing hearing aids. Fortunately, there is an inexpensive, useful, and often underused hearing aid component which overcomes these microphone problems. This option is the Telecoil (T-coil). T-coils allow different sound sources to be directly connected to the hearing aid, improving sound quality and allowing the hearing aid wearer to easily perceive the signal of interest in almost any environment, and regardless of background noise. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: T-Coils
What's New With Hearing Aid Technology?
Just as digital imaging has now replaced the phonograph record, audiotape, and the movie camera for duplication of sound and pictures, digital processing of sound has revolutionized improvements in sound clarityand improved word recognition with hearing aids. Currently, hearing aid sound processors (computer chips), programmed by audiologists with probe-mic technology, continually adjust the output of the hearing aid to the needs of the hearing aid user and to the environment. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: What's New?
The New Hearing Aids
Back in the days when Grandpa needed a hearing aid, war, hunting, and loud machinery had taken their toll. Most likely, his hearing aid was a big, beige "plug" in the ear. When he gave you a bear hug, you heard little whistles and buzzes. Today's hearing aids are much smaller than their predecessors and also very much more sophisticated. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: The New Hearing Aids
Tinnitus Treatment Options
There is presently no known cure for tinnitus. However, there are very good, well-established tools and treatments that can significantly reduce the perceived burden of tinnitus. With perseverance and support from trained healthcare professionals, these options can help tinnitus patients — even those with severe cases of the condition. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Tinnitus Treatment Options
A HoH’s Trip List: Hearing Essentials
If you are someone with hearing loss, and the left-behind item when you travel is essential to communication, that’s cause to break out in a sweat, yell OMG, and start tearing through every bag in the hope that you’ve simply put it in the wrong place. In this article Gael Hannan, editor of Hearing Health And Technology Matters, shows the value of having a hearing travel checklist. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Hearing Travel Checklist
Newborn Hearing Screening Information
Left undetected, hearing impairments in infants can negatively impact speech and language acquisition, academic achievement, and social and emotional development. If detected, however, these negative impacts can be diminished and even eliminated through early intervention. Because of this, all infants should be screened for hearing impairment, preferably prior to hospital discharge. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Newborn Hearing Screening
New App Translates Speech into Text for Deaf Individuals
There is a seemingly endless parade of novel audio smartphone-enabled apps, many of them either geared toward audiophiles who want to curate their own individual listening experience, or people with milder hearing loss who want to dabble with amplification. Recently, a new app – one that has the potential to improve the daily living of individuals with severe-profound hearing loss– has been created. Please CLICK on the following link for details: New App
'Invisible' No Longer
Staying current on assistive-listening legislation and hearing-loop installation standards is very important for our own personal knowledge as well as HLAA's role to educate and to advocate. What is done in one state can be done in many states. Let's learn and then advocate for others. Please CLICK on the following link: Invisible No More
Local Resources To Assist With Your Hearing Loss
The following is a helpful list of local resources to assist with your hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link: Local Resources To Help With Your Hearing Loss
How Hearing Works
The Hearing Health Foundation has produced an article on “How Hearing Works.” It is a clearly explained introduction and review of hearing loss. It is divided into the following sections: How it works; Types of Hearing Loss; Degrees of Hearing Loss; Causes of Hearing Loss; Recognizing Hearing Loss; Myths and Tips. Please CLICK on the following link: How Hearing Works
Communication Options For Children With Hearing Loss
This article examines the communication options that are available for use within families of infants and young children who are hard-of-hearing or deaf. Please CLICK on the following link: Communication Options
Tips To Improve Communication When Talking With Someone With Hearing Loss
Hearing aids alone may not let a person with hearing loss communicate successfully in all listening situations. As a family member or friend of a person with hearing loss, you can help improve communication by following a few simple suggestions. Remember, communication involves at least two individuals: a talker who sends the message and a listener who receives the message. Please CLICK on the following link: Tips To Improve Communication
Do You Dread Getting Your Hearing Tested?
I dread getting my hearing tested. First of all, it is never fun to be shut in a quiet room knowing you are about to fail a test. And it’s not because I didn’t study hard enough! It can also be frightening to see if my hearing loss has progressed since the last test. Knowing my family history, there is a high risk that my hearing loss will continue to worsen over time. But the hardest part is often the tinnitus. How am I supposed to take the test when I already hear so many sounds of my own making? Please CLICK on the following link to read more:Do You Dread Getting Your Hearing Tested?
When You Are Tackled By Tinnitus In The Testing Booth
The hearing aids come out. I startle from the shock of the ringing. My tinnitus is no longer masked by the real sounds around me. The door to the testing booth shuts with a thud that I feel more than hear. Since I wear my hearing aids 24/7, I rarely experience how quiet everything is without them. In some ways the cessation of sound is a relief, but only until the tinnitus arrives. Silence, yet for me, it is not silent. I sit alone with my ringing, waiting for the hearing test to start.Please CLICK on the following link to read more:Tinnitus In The Testing Booth
Assistive Listening For Houses of Worship
Lance Glasser introduces Wi-Fi audio for churches (or any public venue) utilizing an onsite Wi-Fi and individual cell phones. This adds to the concept of the cell phone being a “Swiss Army Knife” of Hearing Assistive Technology. As with all assistive devices, there are issues. However, this may be a low-cost HAT that can benefit some organizations. This may be more of a future product than the here and now. It does require some technical know-how on the part of the transmitter and also in using the cell phone as a receiver. Please CLICK on the following link: Assistive Listening For Houses Of Worship
Your Entitlement To Use And Depend On TV Captions
Many of us use and even depend on TV Captions. Learning about the rules and how to file an FCC complaint is important. More important, we need to understand that the squeaky wheel gets the grease. If we don’t let the powers that be know that there is a problem, nothing will change. Please CLICK on the following link for details: Closed Captioning On Television
Nursing Homes And Hearing Aids - What You Need To Know
Having a loved one in a nursing home brings a variety of concerns. Are their needs being tended to? Are they eating well? Are they safe? Certainly you want the best care and quality of life for those you love. Unfortunately, urgent needs such as hygiene and medical care mean that hearing care is not treated as a pressing concern and is often put on the back burner. But being in a nursing home is not an easy transition for anyone; add hearing loss into the mix and you have a recipe for frustration, fear and isolation. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Nursing Homes And Hearing Aids
Hearing Loss Is One Of The Most Common Conditions Affecting Older And Elderly Adults
According to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, one in three people between the ages of 65 and 74 has hearing loss, and nearly half of those older than 75 have difficulty hearing. Please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Loss Affecting Older And Elderly Adults
Eight Ways To Prevent Hearing Loss
Did you know there are some things you can do to avoid noise-induced hearing loss and keep age-related hearing loss from getting worse? Here are eight tips to help keep your ears as sharp as possible. Please CLICK on the following link: Eight Ways To Prevent Hearing Loss
Assistive Devices for People with Hearing, Voice, Speech, or Language Disorders
This article provides a basic explanation of the various types of assistive devices that exist for hearing, voice, speech or language disorders . Please CLICK on the following link: Assistive Devices For People With Hearing, Voice, Speech, Or Language Disorders
What A Cochlear Implant Is And How It Works
This article explains the details of what a cochlear implant is and how it works. Please CLICK on the following link: What A Cochlear Implant Is And How It Works
Animation: Normal Ear, Ear With Hearing Loss, And Cochlear Implant Procedure
This is an animation showing how the cochlear implant works. Please CLICK on the following link: How The Cochlear Implant Works
Making The Choice and Decision About Cochlear Implants
Many individuals who are considering a cochlear implant look for help in comparing the different types of implants. They go to various internet groups to find out which implant is best. Comparing or recommending is not the place of CI users. Sharing experiences with what the implant user knows and experiences is. Please CLICK on the following link: Making The Choice And Decision About Cochlear Implants
Preparing For A Cochlear Implant
Pre CI process hints, from one who successfully got the following accomplished and fully covered by insurance all in a period of eight months:
CI evaluation, CI approval, visits to three CI doctors, four
audiologists, two CI surgeries (same ear, hookups included as part of the
authorization) with the second one including three month post op follow-up all
“out of network, out of area”
Please CLICK on the following link: Preparing For A Cochlear Implant
Video: How Sound Works In Rooms
Have you ever wondered why your hearing ability differs in different room environments? This helpful video explains why. Please CLICK on the following link: How Sound Works In Rooms
I Wish I Had Been Wearing Ear Plugs...
In this article, a semi-retired doctor describes how he developed tinnitus and hyperacusis after a one-time exposure to loud music during a New Year’s Eve celebration. If only he had been wearing ear plugs…Please CLICK on the following link to read his story: I Wish I Had Been Wearing Ear Plugs...
Acquired hearing loss is often accompanied by tinnitus. Tinnitus is an auditory perception (such as a whistling or hissing) without an external stimulus. This perception can be very debilitating and nearly 50% of all adult visits to otolaryngologists relate to tinnitus! Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Tinnitus
What Is A Hearing Impairment?
Hearing loss is a general term that refers to a reduced auditory acuity. Although there are a few central causes for hearing loss (involving the brain), the large majority of hearing losses are caused by problems in the ear itself. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: What Is A Hearing Impairment?
Accessible Churches and How To Make Sure Everyone Can Hear the 'Word'
People living with hearing loss should not have to give up participating in the things they love, including attending worship services. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more about accessibility: Church Accessibility
Hearing Loops: Their History And The Organizations Promoting Their use
Loop systems are being advocated by a number of organizations as well as people inside of the Hearing Loss Association of America. Two articles by Stephen Frazier helps us to understand what loops are and how they can be implemented. Loops are a fantastic assistive device which have been around since the 1940’s. There are two types. 1. The older perimeter loop and 2. The newer Phase loop. Most of the material in the articles refer to Phase Loops unless otherwise expressed. Please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Loops
Get To Know About PCAST And Hearing Health Care For Adults Reports
Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Reports
Sudden Onset Hearing Loss (SOHL)
The following article discusses the causes, investigations and management of Sudden Onset Hearing Loss (SOHL). Please CLICK on the following link: SOHL
Hearing and How It Works (video)
Please CLICK on the following link: How Hearing Works
What Is Conductive Hearing Loss? (Video)
Please CLICK on the following link: Conductive Hearing Loss
What is Sensorineural Hearing Loss? (video)
Please CLICK on the following link: Sensorineural Hearing Loss
What is Mixed Hearing Loss? (video)
Please CLICK on the following link: Mixed Hearing Loss
What Is A T-Coil? (Video)
Please CLICK on the following link: What Is A T-Coil?
Induction Loop Systems (Video)
Please CLICK on the following link: Induction Loop Systems
How Hearing Loops Work Video)
Please CLICK on the following link: How Hearing Loops Work
Testing A Child's Hearing (video)
If you have concerns for your child's hearing, then please CLICK on the following link to watch this video: Testing Your Child's Hearing
Teenagers, Hearing Loss and Hearing Aids
Understanding & Supporting Teen Students with Hearing Loss, Cheryl DeConde Johnson EdD addresses a multitude of issues relating to teenagers with hearing loss. "To keep molehills from becoming mountains", she says, "one must recognize that teenagers and hearing loss are two separate unique and complex issues". Please CLICK on the following link: Teenagers, Hearing Loss and Hearing Aids
Best Practices In Hearing Enhancement
This article provides an introduction to dealing with the many facets of hearing loss, including our relationship with our audiologist. Please CLICK on the following link: Best Practices
An Introduction To Hearing Loss
This article is designed to hit the high points for people who are new to hearing loss. It is a consumer-focused presentation that might be of interest to people with hearing loss, or to people with family or friends who have hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link: Introduction To Hearing Loss
Using Your Cell Phone As An Assistive Listening Device (ALD)
Cell phones are smarter than ever before! They have every requirement of an Assitive Listening Device (ALD). It is the intent of this article to take a commonly owned tool, a smart phone, and show the reader how it can be converted to an ALD. Please CLICK on the following link: Cell Phone As An ALD
Finding A Hearing Aid Compatible (HAC) Cell Phone
If you have hearing aids (HA)or a cochlear implant (CI), hearing on cell phones and wireless phones is a challenge. Now is the time to learn about Hearing Aid Compatibility (HAC) which is a reference to the connection between the handheld set and the HA/CI. Please CLICK on the following link: HAC
Travel Tips for People With Hearing Loss
Travel often presents a challenge for people with hearing loss. Our hope is that this article will help reduce stress and anxiety about travel. Please CLICK on the following link: Travel Tips
What A Cochlear Implant Looks Like
Please CLICK on the following link to see a diagrammatic representation of a cochlear implant: Diagram of a Cochlear Implant
Communication Skills for Hard of Hearing People and Those Around Them
Learning better communication skills starts with understanding what the issues are, what symptoms need to be addressed and what strategies will be used. Please CLICK on the following link to learn more: Communication Skills
What You Need To Know About ALDs, ALSs and HAT
You have your hearing aids or you may even have a cochlear implant, yet you still have difficulties hearing when in different environments. This article explains the roles of Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs), Assistive Listening Systems (ALSs) and Hearing Assistive Technology (HAT) to deal with this issue. Please CLICK on the following link: ALDs, ALSs and HAT
Your Audiogram Described
After you complete an initial interview describing your hearing problems, the Hearing Professional may check your ears to see if you have a wax buildup or some other obstruction. Then, you may be given a test to produce an audiogram. Please CLICK on the following link for more details: Audiogram Details
Hearing Aid Styles
Hearing Aids come in many varieties and styles nowadays, each having it's own unique set of benefits and drawbacks. The purpose of this article is to assist you to become an 'educated' consumer, and to enhance your communication and understanding with your Audiologist or Hearing Instrument Specialist (HIS). Please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Aid Styles
Making the Best of a Visit to an Audiologist or Hearing Instrument Specialist
If people around you are commenting about your hearing (the TV is too loud, you talk too loudly, you are missing things) then take note because it is probably time for you to have your hearing checked! This article by HLAA KY Home Chapter member Ed Schickel provides a layperson’s guide to how to make the most of your first time visit to an audiologist or hearing instrument specialist. Please CLICK on the following link: First Visit Guide
Dealing With the Cost of Financing Hearing Aids
Handling the cost of obtaining the proper hearing aid solution is often a major concern for people suffering hearing loss. The following article provides a listing of helpful starting points and ideas to help people deal with this in a more informed and manageable way. Please CLICK on the following link: Financing Hearing Aids
Locations Locally That Have Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs)
To assist you with your hearing loss difficulties, please CLICK on the following link to find a list of local locations, such as churches and theaters, that have Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs) available, including Captions, FM, IR/Headsets and Neckloops: Locations With ALDs
Hearing Aid Buying Guide
Need some advice about buying hearing aids? Please CLICK on the following link: Hearing Aid Buying Guide
All About Mobile Apps
This article provides information to allow you to do your own exploration of mobile apps that exist to assist people with hearing loss. Please CLICK on the following link: Mobile Apps
Hearing Aid Compatibility For Wireless Phones
Please CLICK on the following link for details: HA Compatibility
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